Constraints to use of Agrochemical among arable crop farmers in Osun State
Olayemi OO, Babatunde RO, Ajanaku AO, Ogunsola JO
Due to the potential health and environmental hazards posed by the use agrochemicals mainly pesticides, various methods have also been developed for the determination of their residues in various environmental matrices notably soils, plants/foodstuffs and water. Constraints to use of Agrochemical among arable crop farmers in Osun State were therefore investigated. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used through questionnaire and interviews to collect information from 150 arable crop farmers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentage and means, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) at 0.05% level of significance. Results of analysis revealed that majority of the respondents fell within the age range of 50years to 59 years and most respondents (88.7%) were males. Over 30.7% had secondary and below as their educational qualification with most (70.0%) married, with fairly large household size of 6-10 persons. Majority (100.0%) of the respondents used fertilizer, 96.0% used Herbicides, 92.0% used Fungicide and 89.3% used Insecticides as Agrochemical. also, inadequate access to capital (92.0%) as respondents minor constraints militating against to use of Agrochemical in the study area. The results further revealed that there was significant relationship between constraints (r= 0.253, p= 0.002) and respondents’ use of Agrochemical. The study concludes that respondents could not use agrochemical to ease their production activities due to high constraints. It is therefore recommended that Government should make extension service available for the farmers to carry them along on the use of Agrochemical and also enlighten them on the misuse of agrochemical.