Babatunde RO, Kareem AT, Olayemi OO, Adelusi FT, Ugege BH, Elesho RO, Adekola PJ
Most farmers in developing world are not aware of the environmental impacts of using agrochemicals on their environment, human being and wildlife. Effect of use of Agrochemical among arable crop farmers in Osun State were therefore examined. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used through questionnaire and interviews to collect information from 150 arable crop farmers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentage and means, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) at 0.05% level of significance. Results of analysis revealed that majority of the respondents fell within the age range of 50years to 59 years and most respondents (88.7%) were males. Over 30.7% had secondary and below as their educational qualification with most (70.0%) married, with fairly large household size of 6-10 persons. fertilizers were most frequently used by the respondent in the study area. The result shows that there were significant relationship between Age of the respondents (X2= 86.020, p<0.05), sex (X2=23.070, p<0.05), marital status (X2= 53.766, p<0.05), income (X2= 37.811,p<0.05), experience (X2= 37.156,p<0.05) and Area of land (X2= 55.196,p<0.05) and the effect of agrochemical usage. Also, there is no significant relationship between Education (X2= 10.459, p>0.05) and the effect of agrochemical usage. This means that education does not have any effect on the effect of agrochemical usage. The level of usage of agrochemical is high which has many effects on arable crops such as: Environmental pollution, contamination of ground water, crop injuries and skin irritation. It therefore recommended that Farmers should maintain proper usage of agrochemicals to reduce the hazardous effects of the chemicals and also Government through extension agents should enlighten farmers on the misuse of agrochemical in order to have general acceptability of the farm products at large.
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