Sontosh Chandra Chanda, Jony Khan, Arshed Ali, Subhash Chandra Sarker, AKM Golam Sarwar
The study was conducted in three upazilas of Sirajganj district to estimate profitability of different pulses crops (Kheshari, Lentil and Mung) production and to identify the constraints associated with production of those pulses. To achieve the objectives of the study primary data were collected from 90 farmers through well-developed questionnaire. The sample farmers were selected through purposive sampling technique. Per hectare production cost and returns were determined to analyze profitability of growing pulses from the viewpoints of individual farmers. Profitability was measured in terms of gross return, gross margin, net return and benefit cost ratio (BCR). Results of the study revealed that the highest total cost of production was found in Mung (42476 Tk.. ha-1) and the lowest in kheshari (21818 Tk.. ha-1). Estimated Gross Return of kheshari, lentil and mung was Tk. 46800, Tk. 62280 and Tk. 60250 per ha, respectively. The highest net return was found from lentil cultivation (26906 Tk. ha-1) and the lowest from mung cultivation (17774 Tk. ha-1). The highest BCR was obtained from cultivation of kheshari (2.15) followed by lentil (1.76) and mung (1.42). The results of the study indicated that among the pulses, kheshari production was more profitable. The result of the study also find out some major constraints in producing pulses those were as Lack of technical knowledge, Non availability of good quality seed, High price of input, Low output price, Labour scarcity and high cost, Lack of subsidy for inputs, Weak research and extension linkages, Non availability of suitable literature, Environmental constraints. The results of the study clearly indicated that pulses production is profitable and if government should take some appropriate measure for solving the constraints in pulses production that will enhance increase production of pulses. As a result, the increased production of pulses will contribute to fulfil the per capita plant protein requirement in many respects and the country will able to attain self-sufficiency in pulses production.
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